Mala and Wastes: How to Avoid Them and Maintain Good Health

Mala or wastes are produced as a by-product of metabolism in our body. Ayurveda has classified them into three types – psychological, physical and spiritual mala. If these mala are not eliminated regularly, they can cause diseases and affect our health. 

In this blog post, we will discuss how to avoid mala and maintain good health in Ayurveda. Special thanks to Dr. Sumit Kesarkar and National Library of Ayurveda Medicine (NLAM), The concepts and theory are based on their videos and writings. Read on! 

The Prime Waste

Mala in a broad sense can be defined as excrements. Ayurveda gives high importance to the body’s excrements and classifies them as healthy excrements and diseased excrements. Though the explanation may sound a bit vague, it is a vital part of Ayurvedic diagnosis.

Ayurveda states that the nature of the excrements determines the working condition of an entity. Ayurveda lists two main types of Mala’s or waste products. Dhatu Mala or the waste products expelled from cells and tissues. Aahara Mala or the waste products derived from food.

Dhatu Mala

Dhatu Mala are formed during the process of Dhatu production by following the similar process of absorption of nutrients, assimilation and excrement of waste materials. 

  • Rasa Dhatu the excrement is Kapha Dosha in a form of mucus or phlegm. 
  • Rakta Dhatu, the excrement is Pitta Dosha in the form of digestive juices such as bile. 
  • The excretion of eyes, nose, and ears are considered as excrement of Mansa Dhatu. 
  • Sveda or sweat is considered as an excrement of Meda Dhatu. Due to the prominence of Sveda prominence in pathology it is included as one of the three prime excrements. 
  • Hair and nails are excrements of Asthi Dhatu. 
  • Sebum is considered as an excrement of Majja Dhatu. 
  • While Shukra Dhatu is considered to have no excrement or wastes. However, certain authors like Acharya Vagbhatt consider Ojas the supreme refinement of all Dhatu as a waste of Shukra.

Aahar Mala

Aahar Malas are also known as Tri-Mala or the three prime excrements. Purisha which can be correlated to feces or stools, Mutra to urine and Sveda to sweat. Like Dosha and Dhatu, the nature of Mala is very useful to understand the functioning of a body indeed. 

Ayurveda has described the healthy nature of each Mala. Though the statement may sound ironic how waste can be healthy, they do have a deep implication. Each entity of the body has a healthy and unhealthy state and evaluating it makes one understand the genesis of health. In a healthy body, the quantity and quality of Mala is in accordance with the descriptions given by Ayurveda. However, any abnormality in quality or quantity of the Mala leads to disease. 

The Malas have their unique combination of the Panchamahabhutas or the 5 elements.


Purisha or feces is composed mainly of the element Prithvi or Earth. In a healthy state, Purisha is described as semisolid, with a mucus coating. The unhealthy state of any entity can be examined when it is produced in excess, insufficient or when its structure is different from normal. The symptoms of Purishvriddhi or excess production are described as follows, the symptoms include flatulence, abdominal unrest, abdominal pain and heaviness. Specifically, the symptoms of Purishkshaya or insufficient production of Purish are described as follows, the symptoms include abdominal gases, bloating, pain in the back, pain in the chest and heart region. The assessment of Purisha helps evaluate underlying disorders.


Mutra or urine is composed mainly of the elements Aapaha and Agni. The excess production of Mutra is described as follows: pain in bladder, urge to urinate frequently. It specifically indicates underlying causes like diabetes, bladder dysfunction, etc. For instance, the symptoms of insufficient production of Mutra are described as difficulty in passing urine, heavy colored urine, urine accompanied with blood. Decrease of urine can indicate syndromes like kidney disorders and edema. 


Sveda or sweat is also the excrement of Meda Dhatu, however, due to its prominence on a visible scale it must be included as one of the three prime excrements. Specifically, the symptoms are excessive perspiration, foul odor from the body and itching. The insufficient production of Sveda is described as loss of body hair, cracked skin and dry skin. 

For a healthy body, the harmony of Dosha, Dhatu and Mala must be preserved. Any discrepancy at any level causes disorder. It can be observed then why certain symptoms like hair fall, breaking of nails, withered nails, excessive discharge from the eyes, yellowing of teeth are regarded as warning signs of underlying grave disorders according to Ayurveda. The subtle observation and attention to detail by an Ayurveda physician makes his diagnosis quite accurate.

By following these tips, we can avoid mala and maintain good health in ayurveda. Thanks for reading! Hope this was helpful. Special thanks to NLAM: National Library of Ayurveda Medicine for the reference materials and Dr. Sumit Kesarkar for discussing the topic very clearly. Also, don’t forget to subscribe to Organic Ayurveda Life for more ayurvedic related updates.

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